Wednesday, February 8, 2017

Released from the hospital -- and near immediate partial relapse

Here is a tip:  Getting released from the hospital often means coming home to a bunch of overdue stuff.  Bills, overdue work assignments, fights with insurance companies over the hospitalization, friends, co-workers, and family members who subconsciously resent your unplanned and undesired hospital "vacation" -- there are plenty of stress points.

The problem with stress points is that stress is a primary trigger for a CPT2 episode.  Coming out of the hospital, you will likely be exhausted, sleep deprived (unless you can sleep through blood draws), stressed out, and a bit disoriented.  Exhaustion and sleep deprivation are also triggers.

So with that as prologue, I came home yesterday, and by mid-morning, I was feeling moderate muscle pain.  My urine was back to being cloudy.  I took that as a cue to pretend I'm still in the hospital and cut out as many trigger events as I could.  I'm going to try to get my CK checked tomorrow and hopefully today's episode was just a minor blip.  I really don't want to be readmitted.

Sunday, February 5, 2017

Hospital Tip: Know Your CPT2

I'm still hospitalized, but my numbers have dropped significantly and I'm hopeful that I will go home today or tomorrow.

This stay has been far better than my last stay in the same hospital some 2-1/2 years ago.  I've been trying to identify the reasons, and I think there are two, interconnected reasons.

First, the nursing staff has been outstanding (with a single exception that might be explained by a needy patient in isolation taking up her time).  They provided me with the information and care that I needed.  Part of it, I'm guessing, may be that the hospital has improved its hiring practices or training.  Regardless of why, I appreciate how much better the staff has been.  Since I may be discharged, and I know the busy chaos that discharge can be, I made sure to call the supervisor this morning to express my deep appreciation.

Second, I am now far more educated about my own condition, and was able to advocate more effectively on my own behalf.  For example, I know from last time that sharing a room can increase stress and lengthen recovery time (my CK rose last time by around 3,000 points overnight when my roommate was particularly disruptive).  I explained all of this to the admitting doctor, and part of my orders were that I have my own room.  Similarly, lack of sleep can be a trigger, so the orders say not to disturb me for vital signs, blood draws, etc., from 11 pm to 7 am.

I've had a different doctor every day during this stay, but my ability to communicate in detail about how CPT2 works has helped them -- even with the lack of continuity -- to stay on top of my treatment.

Last time, I sat in the ER for hours before being seen, and was refused all food until a doctor saw me.  This time I was able to explain the situation far more clearly, and was taken back immediately, tested, and put on D10 drip (and administered IV Carnitor) within about an hour of arriving.  That alone probably shaved two or three days off my stay.

I am able to keep my CPT2 information organized by blogged on this site about it, but for other patients, go with what works.  Just know that you are likely the first -- and last -- CPT2 patient the ER or hospital staff will see.  So if you're well educated about CPT2, you will have information they do not have.

Thursday, February 2, 2017

Hospitalized -- Again

I'm back at the hospital.  I'm writing this from the hospital, and I'm not feeling great, so I expect this to be a far more stilted post than normal.

What Happened Before The Muscle Breakdown?

We decided to move to Vancouver.  I was in Vancouver for work and to look for a house to rent.  I did not intend to come back until I found a place, so I flew out on a one-way ticket and booked a hotel through January 31.

When I left, my daughter had been on antibiotics for strep throat for 24 hours.  Because I was going to another country, I asked my doctor for antibiotics in case I started showing symptoms.

On January 30, I started to feel prodromal.  I ate lunch (my last solid food for a few days) and immediate felt nausea.  As an (unfortunately) experienced CPT2 patient, I knew how dangerous this was.  Difficulty eating plus illness are a bad combination.  I started to have sugary drinks to make sure my body had all of the carbs it needed.  I had all of the things I normally avoid -- non-diet Coke, apple juice, orange juice, regular (non G2) gatorade.  To my relief, my muscles felt fine.

I knew I needed to either get home or wait out an illness in a hotel.  I called the front desk and they were unable to extend my stay, so I booked a flight home.  I then took the first of the antibiotics, so that I would be on them for 24 hours prior to my flight.  I did not want to fly contagious.

I then made the mistake of getting into bed in the hotel.  I didn't have a thermometer, but I'm pretty sure I developed a fever, because I turned the thermostat way up, but felt very cold.  So cold, in fact, that when I needed to use the restroom, I waited until the heater fan turned off because the breeze from the heater was too chilling.

At this point, my muscles still felt completely fine.  I realized that I needed to somehow make it downstairs and across the street to buy more sugar drinks.  It took me a while to work myself up to where I actually got out of bed.  I finally got downstairs, bought a ten-pack of orange juice and a handful of Gatorades and rushed back to the room.

I got into bed and basically did not get up for around over 12 hours.  Aspirin with Codeine is sold over the counter in Canada, so I would take one and get a couple of hours of sleep, be up for a couple of hours, take another, etc.

My flight home was early afternoon, so having finished all of the Gatorade and almost all of the juice, and with the second antibiotic on board (so I was now 24 hours on antibiotics), I headed to the airport.

Both flights were easy, although I'm pretty sure I annoyed the flight attendant on the first flight by asking for apple juice about half a dozen times.  I was determined to make sure I had enough sugar in me to avoid muscle breakdown.  During the layover, I had more juice.

Finally, I made it home around 9:30 pm.  More liquids and off to bed.

Waking to a Whimper:

Around 4 am, intense pain in my upper arms and shoulders woke me and I started to cry out in pain.  I remember it as whimpering, but my wife is pretty clear that it was something between crying out and crying.  I told her "I can't move my arms", which understandably freaked her out.  What I meant to say was "It hurts too much to move my arms", but either way it was bad.

By now, my body was in CPT2 muscle breakdown.  I was cognitively impaired (goes along with CPT2 episodes often), and because of the very unusual circumstances (lots of sugar for 48 hours prior to episode, episode impacting primarily upper, not lower, body) I had trouble seeing that this was a CPT2 episode.  My wife, of course, figured it out immediately and told me to go to the hospital ER.

Rather than do that (because, I'd like to think, of the cognitive impairment), I called my doctor when his office opened and asked if I could get a stat CK test to see if I was in muscle breakdown.  I left the message with his nurse and never heard back (I still haven't).  After 90 minutes, I gave up on the idea of going through my doctor and went to the ER.

Thanks to my proper ER protocol letter and my pretty long-winded explanation of what CPT2 is and how it works, they did an EKG right away together with a CK blood draw.

Surprise -- the CK test came back at around 9,000.  They admitted me to the hospital.  As an aside, the treatment at the hospital, St. Agnes, has been (as of right now) stellar.  I have literally no complaints about how things have gone.  The staff was super friendly and helpful, and there was plenty of empathic treatment.

What?  It rose?

In the ER I was given D10 and IV Carnitor.  So with 48 hours of high sugar availability, D10 drip and Carnitor, I was admitted and they did a second blood draw.  I was pretty shocked that my CK more than doubled from the first reading.

I don't understand this disorder as well as I thought:

Until now, CPT2 was the only disease that could be cured with a regular coke and a pizza.  I turns out that this is not the case.  I was not in carb deficit.  I was being given carbs via IV.  Still, the breakdown continued.  I'm awaiting my third test and praying that it has stopped rising.

What does this mean?

It means that there are outlier episodes where the normal steps are ineffective in preventing onset or stopping progression.  It also means I'm going to research this more, because at the moment it is a bit scary to feel like I'm starting over with my understanding of CPT2.


Thursday, November 10, 2016

It finally happened -- An illness that stopped me from eating

I suppose it was only a matter of time.  I've been highly susceptible to strep throat my entire life.  I was scheduled to have my tonsils removed, but given the malignent hyperthermia risk with anesthetic for CPT2 patients, that surgery never got scheduled.

I was set to spend election week in Vancouver, Canada with my family.  I started having throat pain a few days before we left, but I got on antibiotics and was sure I would be ok.  I wasn't.  Soon enough, the strep had caused lesions on my tonsils.

A quick word about the Canadian health care system:  Even if you are a cash-pay patient, it is way cheaper than in the US, and the quality was great.  I know this because I visitied a doctor here to change my medication, as I was pretty sure the antibiotic I was on wasn't effective against strep.  They switched me to a new antibiotic.

Soon enough, the my lesions were healing.  I'm still feverish and symptomatic, but on the mend.

With that as the background, here is the CPT2 issue:  I couldn't eat.  Literally, even swallowing water triggered my gag reflex.  When there are lesions on your tonsils, your brain freaks out and thinks each lesion is a piece of food ready to choke you.

As a result, I had two CPT2 episodes.  Remember that fever (check) and illness (check) are triggers.  Lack of carbs is the major trigger (check).

What was the solution?  Well, it gets complicated.  Normal anti-nausea medications are off the table for me since promethazine causes me to develop permanent dyskenesia.

Sounds like check-mate, right?  I can't eat because I have nausea.  I can't treat the nausea because the treatments expose me to unacceptable side effects.

It wasn't check-mate.  My life was saved by medical marijuana.  A very small amount of Indica (a strain called "BC chemo" bred to suppress nausea) was enough to override the nausea and let me eat.  Both times I had muscle breakdown, I was able to reverse it quickly with BC chemo.  The alternative would have been being hospitalized and being fed through a stomach tube or intravenous drip.

I still feel bad.  I'm still sick.  But my muscle disorder is under control.

Monday, October 31, 2016

Insurance Companies Don't Understand CPT2

I've been fighting to get coverage of Praluent, a cholesterol control medication that doesn't trigger rhabdomyolysis episodes in CPT2 patients.  Statins, by contrast, put me in the hospital.

Anthem Blue Cross (California) refuses this coverage, preferring (whether expressly or simply as a result of a poorly designed policy) to pay for another hospitalization (the last one cost more than a lifetime of Praluent would have cost).

Please add in the comments section your own experiences with insurance companies insisting that you do things that are contraindicated in CPT2 patients.  Please include the name and state of the insurance company.  Good experiences, bad experiences, and neutral experiences are all welcome in the comments.

It is open enrollment season, and the more data the better.

Friday, May 13, 2016

Is Gan Mao Ling a trigger?

About 2 weeks ago, for the first time in my life, I had a CPT2 episode without any identifiable trigger.   I keep a list of known CPT2 episode triggers online, but didn't see any that applied.  The episode was different from "normal" as well:  It was pain in the front, upper half of my legs.  It felt like the muscles were contracting on their own, almost like cramping, but they also hurt.  I wasn't sure it was a CPT2 episode.

A few days ago, the same symptoms returned.  This time, I checked my urine and found the protein levels were too high.  I went to the doctor, and I'm awaiting the results of my CK test.

In the meantime, I identified something that happened right before each of the two prior episodes:  I started to feel sick, and I took the herbal supplement "Gan Mao Ling".  Within about 12 hours of taking it, I was symptomatic with CPT2 (at least, I think it was CPT2).

The tricky thing about CPT2 is that mild episodes can feel a lot like other things -- exhaustion, cramping, too much exercise, etc.  I can't even say for sure that the supplement was a trigger, but I'm going to avoid it just in case.

The primary reason I'm blogging this one is so that it can be found by others with CPT2 who are considering taking the supplement.  If you do, please provide feedback.  I'm curious if others have the same experience.

Thursday, February 25, 2016

PCSK9 Inhibitors and Statins -- some actual numbers

I was taking a 75 mg/mL dose of Praluent (alirocumab) in addition to a 2 mg dose of a statin (Livalo) when I had my blood work done in November 2015.  My doctor then discontinued the statin and raised the dose of Praluent to 150 mg/mL.  I had a blood draw in mid-February.  In comparing the results, the quick and dirty analysis is that my LDL went up slightly, but is still well under where it needs to be, my HDL went up moderately, my triglycerides went up moderately, and my liver enzymes were in the normal range for the first time since I started statins.

Bottom line:  I have yet to discuss with my doctor, but my instinct is to stay off of statins (reducing the risk of CPT2 episodes) and continue with the Praluent.

Here is a brief summary of my results:


Aug. 2014
Dec. 2014
Nov. 2015
Feb. 2016

No statin, no Praluent
Livalo 2 mg
Praluent 75 mg, Livalo 2 mg
Praluent 150 mg, no statin
LDL
198
140
77
91
HDL
40
47
42
53
VLDL
45
24
20
21
Triglycerides
305
150
144
182
AST
25
31
44
25
ALT
60
44
64
39
Creatine Kinase
173
164
192
118

Obviously, these tests are a snapshot in time.  It is also worth noting that between the November 2015 test and the February 2016 test, I relaxed my vigilance about consuming cholesterol, so I ate more foods with cholesterol.  However, it seems pretty clear that my liver (AST, ALT) and my CPT2 (Creatine Kinase) do much better without the statin (yes, I'm aware that a 192 CK is within the normal range, but it is worth noting that my "baseline" CK is lower in the Feb. 2016 than I ever remember seeing it in any test while on a statin).  My LDL went up by around 18% when dropping the statin and increasing the Praluent, and is still 35% lower than it was on the statin alone.  However, my HDL also went up -- by 26%, a good sign.

On the non-testable front, I feel better without taking the statin.  I've had fewer muscle incidents as well.  I haven't had any side effects from the Praluent except for slight bruising at the injection site the one time I injected it in the stomach area.  Although the instructions say you can do that, it really hurt and I won't be picking that area again.